1. 你(nǐ) 好(hǎo) / 您(nín)好(hǎo) — Hello.
The literal translation of nǐ hǎo – 你好 is “you good”. Nǐ – 你 means “you” and hǎo – 好 means “good”. Use nín hǎo – 您好 when speaking to superiors, people in authority, elders. Use nǐ hǎo – 你好 when speaking to friends, colleagues, children.
2. 你(nǐ) 好(hǎo) 吗(mɑ)? — How are you?
3. 我(wǒ)很(hěn)好(hǎo) — I am very good.
4. 早(zǎo) 上(shànɡ) 好(hǎo) — Good morning.
5. 下(xià) 午(wǔ) 好(hǎo) — Good afternoon.
6. 晚(wǎn) 上(shànɡ) 好(hǎo) — Good evening.
7. 谢(xiè)谢(xiè) — Thanks.
8. 不(bú)客(kè)气(qi) — You are welcome.
9. 对(duì)不(bù)起(qǐ) — Sorry.
10. 没(méi)关(guān)系(xi) — It’s OK.
11. 再(zài)见(jiàn) — Bye.
Confucius was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history, whose teachings deeply influenced East Asian life and thought.
The philosophy of Confucius emphasized personal and governmental morality, correctness of social relationships, justice and sincerity. His followers competed successfully with many other schools during the Hundred Schools of Thought era only to be suppressed in favor of the Legalists during the Qin Dynasty.
Following the victory of Han over Chu after the collapse of Qin, Confucius’s thoughts received official sanction and were further developed into a system known as Confucianism.
Confucius’s principles had a basis in common Chinese tradition and belief. He championed strong family loyalty, ancestor worship, respect of elders by their children and of husbands by their wives. He also recommended family as a basis for ideal government. He espoused the well-known principle “Do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself,” the Silver Rule.
Guo Guangwei is a lecturer at the University of International Business and Economics in China and is an instructor at Midlands STEM Institute in Fairfield County.